After tooth extraction and implant surgery, temporary prostheses are applied to meet the functional and aesthetic needs of the patient during the recovery phase.
However, the fact that the temporary prosthesis requires a certain construction period, brings additional costs, the risk of infecting the surgical area that is not fully healed and increasing the treatment period cause dentists and patients to compromise their expectations. This causes patients to use temporary prostheses that they cannot be comfortable with during the recovery period.
Thanks to advances in dentistry and implantology, remarkable advances have been made in shortening the recovery time and in temporary prostheses.
One of these applications is "Immediate Implantation and Installation".
In traditional implant treatment; It is expected a 2-month healing phase following tooth extraction, and 3-6 months of fusion with the bone depending on the conditions after implant placement. However, after complete fusion with the bone (osseointegration), the prosthesis stage is started.
Immediate implantation and loading eliminates these waiting times. However, the first 6 weeks after surgery is the period when the implant is the weakest against the forces.
Therefore, immediate treatment requires special planning and applications. Whether the bone site is suitable for immediate implantation after tooth extraction, and whether the implants are ready to load immediately after insertion are carefully evaluated by the physician. Immediate implantation and loading protocol can be applied only in cases that are considered sufficient.
Immediate implant treatment is mostly used in two situations: complete jaw edentulous and anterior aesthetic losses.
In the treatment of complete jaw edentulism, the load balance on the implants is adjusted with the case-specific bite plane, based on the support force created by the connection of multiple implants (4-8).
Other factors such as clenching habit, smoking, bone density are also taken into consideration.
Another method used for temporary prosthesis after full jaw implantation is to get support from mini screws placed in empty areas besides the actual implants.
In addition to being a less risky application in terms of not burdening the implants that will support the permanent prosthesis during the recovery period, temporary mini screws bring some additional cost.
Another application area of imediate implant treatment is single or multiple tooth loss in the anterior region.
In this treatment, which eliminates the period of toothlessness in order to meet the aesthetic expectation, certain criteria are also observed and care is taken to avoid chewing force on temporary coatings.
As a result, "Immediate implant and loading" is a successful treatment that saves time and money and has high patient satisfaction when applied properly in the right conditions.
Pulpa Oral and Dental Health Polyclinic